Çatalhöyük, Anatolia ‘ in a Neolithic Mega Campus

Çatalhöyük, Anatolia ‘ in a Neolithic Mega Campus

There is Çatalhöyük in Konya. Çatalhöyük, where humans settled 9000 years ago.
The place that wrote the history, but in my opinion, it is a historical value that has not found its right.
I’m not going to tell you too much about Çatalhöyük to make you even more curious here. 

As for the history of Çatalhöyük;

Çatalhöyük was discovered in 1958 by British archaeologists James Mellaart and David French . The excavations started in 1960 and lasted for 5 years.

Researchers from various countries of the world came to Çatalhöyük and organized many seminars .

While Çatalhöyük offers the first examples of art, symbolism, belief, god, nutrition and livestock breeding, it is an important place, perhaps the world’s first settlement, where the city and society fully matured and moved westward.

Excavations at Çatalhöyük should continue and be supported and promoted more.

Earth 9000 years ago housed the fascinating details of a settlement with population between 3000 and 8000, between 7400-6000 BC at Çatalhöyük in the. It ceased to exist since 1400 years.

In each building were inhabited by an estimated 5-10 people . Houses has the main room need for everyday life, for cooking, eating, sleeping and the next room as a born and to prepare food.

The houses where the people lived were adjacent to each other , so there were either a few streets or no roads at all . The house is entered from the roof to the pin , the stairs inside the venues he descended. The interiors were covered with works of art such as wall paintings, reliefs and sculptures.

People die on the bench under the floor of the house he buried .

The house walls are often plastered with mud white soft top, both the geometric shapes of the plaster , both now gesel some he portrayed scenes . The main themes of the paintings were wild animals such as bulls, mules, deer and wild goats . The reason why leopard images are shown in high proportion in the painting is that there are also human depictions , some with beards, dressed in spotted leopard skins with prominent tails .

                   Pictures Reliefs Installation/layer Animal remains

   Leopard      %65     %35                 %0                   %0                                                                     

The idea of ​​traveling to the future is now widespread, and it is possible to go back to the frozen time with “time machines”. Academic articles are also written discussing how people travel to the past as if they were going to another country.

So let’s take a journey to Çatalhöyük 9000 Years Ago.

Assuming that one generation corresponds to a time period of approximately 25 years, we need to go back 376 generations in order to travel 9000 years ago and to go back to the exact time when Çatalhöyük began in 7400 BC.

Views of the “I” about close relationships and emotions have changed.

For example, my mother and grandmother taught me to think for myself. After the “I”-oriented generations, such an approach is seen as a strange and historical mistake.

If we go back even further, to the time of my great-great-grandparents at the beginning of the 19th century, we will encounter a much greater change.

Between the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century, the way of life of human beings has changed drastically.

The way we live has changed our lives. The basic concepts of me and the body and how we should behave have also changed radically.

The ancient Egyptians, who lived 3000-5000 years ago, told them about life, death, self, marriage, love, etc. We know a lot about their very different views, we can read the first writings in Mesopotamia and learn about their myths and beliefs.

Until we reach Çatalhöyük, we have to go deep for another 3000 years. When we finally arrived at Çatalhöyük, people had to eat, ditch, have children, punish wrongdoing, etc., just like we do today. They had to build houses, dress to keep their bodies warm, make weapons to kill animals and harvest harvests.

Even pieces of cloth have been preserved in the burials, and there are also traces of baskets, wooden vessels and mats laid on the floor.

Those people would bring the skulls of vultures and bury them in the walls of their houses, facing inwards. Wild bulls, aurochs , or especially sheep were featured in domestic paintings , they did not reflect the life in the home.

Clay balls for cooking were located in the oven compartments of the houses . Later, it was determined that these balls were replaced by sand-tempered pottery. It is estimated that jade cutter or mace tools were kitchen utensils.

Flint wedges, knives and sharp arrows were also found in the graves.

The main fields of activity of the people of Çatalhöyük included agricultural production, artistic-symbolic and religious activities, hunting and bartering.

The inhabitants of Çatalhöyük lived in adobe houses , the floors and walls of which were plastered with high-lime mud , which was intended to protect them from vermin and mice.

The use of plants cultivated around 8400 BC for nutritional purposes, the domestication of some wild plants, the domestication of herbivorous animals such as sheep and goats, and when all these are dated in Anatolia, not only reveal the importance of introducing Çatalhöyük to the world, but also the owner of this important world treasure. Do we not get excited about the privilege of being? 

Hüseyin KURTOĞULLARI
İstanbul, 19.12.2020

  

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